1. Founders
 2. Bizantine Period
 3. Recent History
Figures and Issues
Skete of Prophet Elijah

2. Byzantine Period

Drawing from codex 101 representing the north part of the monastery during the first decades of its foundation. Around 1400.
After the death of its founders the monastery went through great hardships because of a bad fire that broke out in the newly-built complex in 1392. The fire reduced some of the original buildings to ashes and caused grave damage to others, including the archive, with the consequent destruction or loss of many significant documents. This incident alarmed the monks who hastened to safeguard their properties in and outside Mount Athos by getting important documents replaced and replacing the destroyed buildings. To this end, they first had the ownership of six kellia on the Holy Mountain ratified in December 1392 with a document issued by the Protos Jeremiah and the Synaxis, and they then applied to the Emperor Manuel II Palaeologus to have the ownership of their estates outside Mount Athos confirmed. The Emperor duly confirmed the ownership of the estates on Lemnos and in Eastern Macedonia with three chrysobulls of August 1393, January 1394 and January 1396.

Lead seal representing the Blessed Virgin Mary. Patriarchal and Synodal Act of Simeon I. 1471/2.
Following the issuance of these chrysobulls, Patriarch Anthony issued the respective sigillia and a total of four patriarchal letters. Two of them pertained to the ratification of titles to the metochia in Eastern Macedonia and Lemnos and the other two, dated January and April 1396, regulated other important matters such as the independence of the monastery (from the Protos of the Holy Mountain, the Bishop of Ierissos, and the Patriarchal exarchs) and the internal organization of the monastery (the coenobitic order, relations between the abbot and the monks, and so on).


Chrysobull of the Emperor Manuel II Palaeologus on a parchment document dealing with the monastery’s land and property in Lemnos. 1396.